Lesson 3: Scale and chords of D - Transition chord to IV

The key of D has 2 sharps, f# and c#.

Note that when going 'up' in the circle of fifths, the sharps from the previous key (in this case f# from G) remain and one sharp (C#) is added.

Here are the chords of D.

Or, in another voicing:

As an exercise, play 'My Bonny' in D (without the transition chord to A7 - that would be E7 and we haven't covered this yet)

Transition chord to degree 4 (IV)

Another well known song is 'When the saints go marchin in'.

We will play it in C, with a transition chord that 'wants to go to' F - a C7.

(C7 is the fifth degree of F, we will get to that).

As you notice this transition chord is the root chord (C chord), with a 7th added (C7).

Why C7 wants to go to F? Again, because C7 is the 5th degree of F.

The general rule is, if you are looking for a chord that wants to go to chord X, find the 5th degree of X.

We have learned 2 transition chords now in the key of C:

C7 to F (transition chord to IV)

D7 to G7 (transition chord to V)

We can play them in a sequence like this:

Exercise: play 'When the saints' in G, with the transition chord to IV (which is C).

What transition chord is that? Well we learned that it is the root chord with a 7th, so that would be G7.